Employment law regulates work that arises out of the employer – employee relationship in the private sphere. Appointments in the public sector are constituted by the act of appointment in the public service out of an administrative act.
The sources of employment law are the constitution of the country, EU law, state laws and regulations and case law as developed by the Supreme Court of Cyprus. Equally important are the international treaties that have been ratified by Cyprus and include the right to belong to trade unions, salary protection and equal treatment between men and women. Additionally, the European Social Charter guarantees fundamental social and economic rights as a counterpart to the European Convention on Human Rights, which refers to civil and political rights. It guarantees a broad range of everyday human rights related to employment, housing, health, education, social protection and welfare.
The code of industrial relations, the employment contract and collective agreements will shape the employment.
Important aspects of employment law include the way employment disputes are resolved, the construction of the contract of employment, the ban on discrimination, the type and duration of employment, the protection of wage and minimum wage, the hours of work and work leave, protection of pregnancy and protection from employer’s insolvency and transfer of ownership, work environment, unfair dismissal and redundancy.